B-1 Business Visitor Visa
B-2 Tourist Visa
F-1 Student Visa
J-1 Exchange Visitor Visa
L Intracompany Transferee Visa
Extraordinary Ability O Visa
Nonimmigrant (Temporary) Visas
H Visa – 1B: Temporary Workers in Specialty Occupation
The H Visa – 1B is a non-immigrant visa that allows U.S. employers to temporarily employ foreign workers in specialty occupations. To be eligible for H Visa – 1B status, foreign nationals must possess at least a bachelor’s degree or its equivalent. In many cases, this requirement can be satisfied by having a three-year degree in addition to three years of relevant post-graduate work experience. Not necessarily any profession qualifies for an H Visa – 1B. As noted, a foreign worker must be in a “specialty” occupation. A job will qualify as a “specialty” occupation by meeting the following criteria:
IT, Engineering, Finance, Health/Medical, Business, Teaching, Marketing related professions are ALL consistently in the top rankings that get H Visa – 1B sponsorship each year.
Spouses and unmarried children under the age of 21 can also reap the benefits of a principal’s H Visa – 1B status by legally joining the worker in the U.S. under the H Visa – 4 visa classification. If these family members themselves wish to work while in the country, then they can do so only after successfully applying for employment authorization with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
H Visa – 2A: Temporary Agricultural Workers
The H–2A temporary agricultural visa allows agricultural employers who anticipate a shortage of domestic workers to bring non-immigrant foreign workers to the U.S. to perform agricultural labor or services of a temporary or seasonal nature. To qualify for H Visa – 2A nonimmigrant classification, the employer must:
H Visa – 2A workers perform a wide range of agricultural work. Examples include tending to tobacco and cotton, pruning and picking fruit such as cherries, oranges, apples and peaches, planting and harvesting onions and other vegetable row crops, de-tasseling corn, harvesting sugarcane, working in nurseries, greenhouses and on cattle ranches, chicken catchers on poultry farms, and herding sheep.
H Visa – 2B: Temporary Non-Agricultural Workers
The H Visa – 2B program allows U.S. employers or U.S. agents who meet specific regulatory requirements to bring foreign nationals to the United States to fill temporary nonagricultural jobs. Like the H Visa – 2A visa, the employer must establish the following:
Unlike the H Visa – 2A visa, there is a statutory numerical limit, or “cap,” on the total number of foreign nationals who may be issued an H Visa – 2B visa or otherwise granted H Visa – 2B status during a fiscal year. Currently, Congress has set the H-2B cap at 66,000 per fiscal year, with 33,000 for workers who begin employment in the first half of the fiscal year (October 1 – March 31) and 33,000 for workers who begin employment in the second half of the fiscal year (April 1 – September 30). Any unused numbers from the first half of the fiscal year will be available for employers seeking to hire H Visa – 2B workers during the second half of the fiscal year. However, unused H Visa – 2B numbers from one fiscal year do not carry over into the next. Once the H Visa – 2B cap is reached, USCIS may only accept petitions for H Visa – 2B workers who are exempt from the H Visa – 2B cap.
H Visa – 2A workers perform various types of work and are most often employed in the following areas: hospitality, hotels / motels, resorts, ticket sales, cruise ships, construction workers, maintenance, janitorial, ski resorts, landscaping, golf courses, water parks, security, ride operators, restaurants and bars, warehouse, and retail stores.